The EUR area on the outskirts of Rome was originally chosen in 1930s as the site for the 1942 world’s fair which Benito Mussolini planned to open to celebrate twenty years of Fascism; the letters EUR standing for Esposizione Universale Roma. The project was originally called E42 after the year in which the exhibition was planned to be held. EUR was also designed to direct the expansion of the city towards the south-west and the sea, and to be a new city centre for Rome. The planned exhibition never took place due to World War II.
Inspired, according to fascist ideology, by Roman Imperial town planning, a modernist aesthetic was used to form a sort of ne0classicism. The project is formed by a series of grand axes and large and stately buildings, built mainly of limestone, tuff and marble, traditional materials associated with Roman Empire architecture.
Palazzo della Civiltà Italiana.
Museo Della Civilta Romana
Proposed plan of EUR from 1938